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5 tips for more efficient (and more profitable) cross docking

by Murray Phillips, 15 July 2021

A guide to the risks and benefits of cross docking and how to do it better.

When done well, cross docking will speed up deliveries, reduce your costs and lower your risk of damaging freight.

But cross docking needs to be done right. Or you risk losing goods, missing time
windows, increasing labour and skyrocketing costs.

So, how to strike the right balance?

Let’s take a closer look at the importance of cross docking and run you through five
of our top tips for increased efficiency, time and profits.

What is cross docking?

Cross docking is the process of unloading inbound freight and loading it directly into
an outbound shipment. This means that there’s little to no storage in between.

When operating on a cross docking model, a distribution center functions essentially
as a sorting centre rather than a warehouse or storage facility.

The main function of the distribution centre is for goods to move quickly through to
the next stage of the supply chain. This means storage space is minimal and the
facility must be highly organised regarding inbound and outbound shipments.

Once sorted, inbound shipments are loaded directly into the outbound shipment (or
shipments) and they should generally be processed and depart within 24 hours of
arrival.

Advantages of cross docking

There are many advantages of cross docking. The main one is that it
streamlines your supply chain because there’s no need for a true distribution centre.
So, warehouse management and storage costs aren’t a factor and the product is
usually moved on more quickly.

Reduced inventory handling means you’ll also reduce labour and inventory
holding costs as well as potential damage. Additionally, reduced storage times and
faster processing means that your goods get delivered faster.

Disadvantages of cross docking

There are also some disadvantages to cross docking, with some significant
risks and considerations to appraise.

Thorough, highly visible tracking is absolutely vital. There are potential risks
with the increased freight handling and labour too, but that’s usually balanced out by
the reduced handling and labour associated with no longer needing warehouse
storage. You’ll also need to consider the storage capacities of your supply chain
partners.

The most significant consideration, though, is that an automated
management system becomes essential.

You’ll need to invest in: automation, visibility, inbound/outbound logistics, and an appropriate transport fleet that are all able to communicate properly. Without this
investment, you risk being too slow, losing freight and generally operating well
under peak efficiency.

5 tips for better cross docking

Okay, so how do you improve your cross docking operations? Let’s run through our five best tips.

1. Choose the most appropriate platform shape for your business

Cross docking facilities are generally designed in an "I" configuration (an elongated
rectangle). This shape maximizes the number of inbound and outbound doors in the
facility while also keeping the floor area to a minimum.
Research tells us that this shape is ideal if you have 150 doors or less, and if you
have 150–200 doors, a "T" shape is more cost effective. For facilities with over 200
doors, the most ideal shape is an "X".

2. Allow a significant amount of space for staging

Available space strongly affects the efficiency of your cross docking facility, even for
smaller operations. You’ll have at least two trailers present for every shipment
because of the short transition between inbound and outbound loads.

So that there’s minimal disruption, you need to make a significant amount of yard
space available. This means that both inbound and outbound trailers will have
enough space to stage properly.

3. Use conveyor systems to move products within your facility

We’ve established that freight must be constantly moved from one loading dock to

another in a cross docking model.

Carrying this movement out manually is neither the most efficient nor the safest
method. Where possible, setting up conveyor belt systems will expedite your
movement of freight from one dock to another.

Gravity rollers and other moveable conveyors are efficient options that don’t take up
much space. These conveyor systems also help to reduce potential damage to your
freight by reducing the amount of time it’s handled.

4. Utilise an automated management system

There’s no doubt about it, a cross docking operation has a lot of moving parts. You

need to consider:

● initial delivery
● processing
● unloading the inbound shipments
● transition to outbound (the literal cross docking)
● preparation and loading into outbound vehicles
● final delivery out of the facility.

Just one or two inefficiencies in this process can cause major delays or damage
your freight. An automated management system will reassure you with optimal
efficiency (and reduced damages).

We wrote a guide to implementing a TMS to help you decide what system is right
for you, and learn how best to make the switch.

5. Keep your facility clean and organised

This one seems obvious, doesn’t it? But sometimes the most simple things are
overlooked. Maintaining an uncluttered facility is vital to smooth cross docking.

If there are any obstructions, your staff won’t move freight efficiently from one dock
to the next. Allow time and design their workflows so that this transition space is
cleared a few times every day.

Over to you

We hope this article has given you a better understanding of the importance of
cross docking (and getting it just right), and that you feel better able to implement
more efficient cross docking practices in your business.

Has it got you thinking about where you can make improvements to run your facility
more efficiently? We’d love to hear your thoughts. Get in touch or call for a chat:
1800 975 305.

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